By requesting innocent spouse relief, you can be relieved of responsibility for paying tax, interest, and penalties if your spouse (or former spouse) improperly reported items or omitted items on your tax return. One method of such “relief” is obtain through “equitable grounds” under Internal Revenue Code §6015(f). The IRS originally established a two-year deadline for requesting equitable relief to encourage prompt resolution and to consider evidence while it remained available. Effective July 25, 2011, however, the IRS no longer requires that a spouse submit a request for equitable relief within two years of when the IRS first began collection activity against such spouse.
If your request for innocent spouse relief under §6015(f) was denied and the decision was never appealed to a court, you may reapply for relief by filing a new Form 8857, Request for Innocent Spouse Relief. The good news is that the IRS will treat the original Form 8857 as a claim for refund for purposes of the refund limitations period described above, thus any amount for which a refund was available as of the date the original Form 8857 was filed, and any amounts later collected by the IRS, may be refunded if relief is granted. The IRS will only grant relief for unpaid liabilities if the period of limitations on collection described above remains open as of the date of the reapplication.
If your request under §6015(f) was litigated and the case is now final, then although the court in your case denied relief on the grounds that the request was made after the IRS’s two-year deadline (and the decision is final), because the IRS agreed that your request for relief would have been granted had it been filed within the two-year window, the change in the IRS’s policy described above means that they no longer will seek to collect from you the underlying liability for which equitable relief would have been granted. However, the IRS may pursue collection of other unpaid tax liabilities.
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